A dedicated server is a single computer in a network reserved for serving the needs of the network. For example, some networks require that one computer be set aside to manage communications between all the other computers. A dedicated server could also be a computer that manages printer resources. Note, however, that not all servers are dedicated. In some networks, it is possible for a computer to act as a server and perform other functions as well.
A cursory glance at the many web hosting services we've listed here reveals many similar-looking offerings, but the discerning eye will identify some subtle differences. You'll want a dedicated server with significant amounts of disk space—preferably 1TB or more—for storing files. You can typically choose either a traditional hard drive or a solid-state drive as your website's storage medium. There's a trade-off, however. Solid-state drives are often faster and more reliable than HDDs, but they cost more money and have smaller storage capacities. Traditional hard drives, on the other hand, have large capacities and lower prices but aren't quite as resilient as their SSD counterparts. Unless you truly need blazingly fast storage, a traditional hard drive will get the job done.
What are your plans for the server? Do you want to set up a blog to post about your life or build an info page for a charitable cause or NGO? It is unlikely that these ventures will place excessive demands on the CPU (processor) and RAM (working memory), and thus hard drive storage should certainly be enough. The same applies to smaller online games and to installing a TS3 (Teamspeak 3) server as a communication platform. A vServer will be perfectly sufficient for these projects. What’s more, the IONOS VPS grants you root access, giving you a lot of freedom.
The server must be able to handle a lot of visitors when your website experiences increased traffic. Online shops, for instance, tend to place high demands on the stability of server capacities. Many shop owners in the eCommerce segment prefer to know that their customer data is hosted on a server that is not shared with others. A dedicated server with “genuine” root access is the better choice in these cases. Moreover, a dedicated server offers more web server options.
Users of VPS hosting have allocated resources just like Dedicated hosting users, however the amount of available resources on VPS servers may still not be what a website needs. For example, VPS servers often start at 2GB of RAM, whereas Dedicated servers often start with at least 4GB of RAM available. In short, Dedicated hosting allows for the same full customization and control of a VPS server, but with even more horsepower.
The answer to this question largely depends on two factors. Are you new to server technology and not very interested? In this case, Windows is the easiest option to get where you want to go. Do you already have experience with Linux or would you like to familiarize yourself with this operating system? If so, Linux gives you more freedoms to configure your server, and you will be using an operating system that is less vulnerable to attacks from the Internet. Linux is also open source and therefore free.