The preinstalled mail server by IONOS is usually enough for beginners and private users to get started immediately. Anyone needing more options can install open source software like PostFix to set up their own mail server. They will need a Linux operating system and root permissions for the server. But that’s no problem, as the IONOS VPS runs on both Windows and Linux operating systems and allows the necessary root access.
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Availability, price and employee familiarity often determines which operating systems are offered on dedicated servers. Variations of Linux and Unix (open source operating systems) are often included at no charge to the customer. Commercial operating systems include Microsoft Windows Server, provided through a special program called Microsoft SPLA. Red Hat Enterprise is a commercial version of Linux offered to hosting providers on a monthly fee basis. The monthly fee provides OS updates through the Red Hat Network using an application called Yum. Other operating systems are available from the open source community at no charge. These include CentOS, Fedora Core, Debian, and many other Linux distributions or BSD systems FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD.
The standard configuration on many Linux servers includes an Apache web server combined with an MySQL database and the script language PHP. That’s entirely sufficient for commonly used CMS like WordPress, Drupal, and Typo3, as well as for many forums and wikis. But what happens if an application needs to run on other systems as well? The IONOS Managed Cloud also allows you to mount web servers like Tomcat, Passenger, or Nginx combined with MariaDB and MongoDB as databases and Java or Node.js as programming languages.
The terminal server software LTSP (Linux Terminal Server Project), for example, is easy to install on any Linux server with root access. It’s important to bear in mind that the terminal server may take up a lot of resources, depending on how often the software is used, so it is advisable to pick a dedicated server with sufficiently powerful CPUs, as well as enough RAM and hard drive space.
To date, no industry standards have been set to clearly define the management role of dedicated server providers. What this means is that each provider will use industry standard terms, but each provider will define them differently. For some dedicated server providers, fully managed is defined as having a web based control panel while other providers define it as having dedicated system engineers readily available to handle all server and network related functions of the dedicated server provider.